Selected category ◊ Reports ◊

• Wednesday, May 06th, 2015

Miguel Thomson:  Science and controversy over the authenticity of graphites from Iruña-Veleia

The question of the authenticity or falsehood of the epigraphic findings at the archeological site of Iruña-Veleia is a strictly scientific one, which should be solved by applying the scientific method, which is the same for all sciences, whether they belong to the so-called natural or humanistic categories.

The hypotheses that have been proposed are whether the graffiti found during the 2005 and 2006 campaigns were inscribed in ancient Roman times (2nd – 5th centuries AD), as proposed by the archaeologists based on stratigraphy, or are the product of a recent forgery (20th – 21st centuries), as proposed by some members of the Scientific Advisory Committee established for the study of the findings.

In the presentation, a criticism will be made on the process of scientific assessment followed by the Committee and on the structure of their reports, and the existence of numerous findings from Antiquity paralleling those from Iruña-Veleia, as well as their reproducibility through subsequent findings, will be shown, thus fulfilling scientific criteria providing a high degree of credibility to the Veleian graffiti.

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• Saturday, September 19th, 2015

17_Miguel_Thomson_EN_Comments_on_some_Graffiti_of_Iruña-Veleia

Due to the multitude of irregularities, the numerous contradictions in and between the reports of the DFA’s committee, their  many  errors,  the  subsequent  rectifications  by their authors,  the disagreements  expressed by various authors from different  fields  with such reports, and the inexplicable lack of scientific publications on the findings of IruñaVeleia  by  the experts who analyzed  them, the need  is imposed  to proceed  to a proper scientific  evaluation of such  findings. This evaluation  should  rigorously conform to the standards and rules usually required for any serious  scientific evaluation.

Those taking part in it should be leading international experts whose competence,  independence and lack of conflicts of interest would be beyond a shadow of a doubt, which should include experts in all disciplines relevant to the study of findings, among them experts in Vulgar Latin, Egyptologists and archaeometrists. In this scientific evaluation, physical tests will be essential, whose  performance  was proposed  in the reports  by  two  of the members of the DFA’s committee, the philologist Joaquín Gorrochategui, who publicly asked for the intervention of archaeometrists, and the archaeologist Dominic Perring, who suggested conducting scientific tests on the objects, as well as  in  other reports by authors  outside of  the  Committee.

Such  tests  were  decissive  in  other  controversial  archaeological findings, in some cases to support their authenticity and in others their falsehood.
The  authenticity  of  the  Palaeolithic  cave  paintings  of  Altamira,  initially  rejected  or questioned  by  the  most  renowned  sages  and  experts  of  the  time,  took  more  than  two decades to be accepted due to  the  lack of archaeometric dating methods at the time of their  discovery.  Today  there  is  a  large  array  of  sophisticated  archaeometric  methods available  to estimate the age  of an object  and  even  the incisions  made on them. These
methods  can  at  minimum  determine  with  almost  absolute  certainty  whether  these incisions  are  recent  or  not,  and,  therefore,  to  verify  whether  the  hypothesis  of  recent forgery proposed by some members of the DFA’s committee is correct or not. Finally, as pointed by Dominic Perring, the last word on the authenticity  or falsehood of the findings should  have  to  wait  for  peer-reviewed  publication  of  scientific  studies  by  leading international scholars.

Only in this way it will  be possible to begin to dispel the  doubts and to resolve the disputes surrounding the findings of Iruña-Veleia.

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• Tuesday, July 30th, 2013

Step by step, reports showing genuinity of Iruña-Veleia graffity are growing. The last one is a report presented by Lurmen at Court. Her author is Alicia Satué. Her degree was obtained at Salamanca University on Classic Philology and Linguistics. She points out that Iruña-Veleia graffiti Latin writing is not comparable with   Latin writing spoken by Seneca, but rather with vulgar Latin that is found in 3rd and 4th centuries A.D.

At present, 22 reports show Iruña-Veleia findings truthfulness against 6 reports which defend that  these findings are false.

Alicia Satué and Hector Iglesias report have been published in scientific journals.

Antonio Arnaiz-Villena has also published a study on Iberian findings on Iruña-Veleia. It is included in an international English magazine.

Alicia Satué: Report (Spanish)

Hector Iglesias (ARSE): Report (Spanish)

Antonio Arnaiz: Report (English)

Alicia Satue

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• Thursday, November 01st, 2012

Scientific evidences supporting that Iruña-Veleia Graffiti are genuine: 29 reports go in favour and 8 go against.

Only six reports exist that were published at the time that this case started. Three authors of three reports changed their mind from true to false (Gorrochategui, Santos and Cipres); the other three authors had a conflict of interest in this area. (two of them wanted to take over Iruña-Veleia site as archaeologists).

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1.1.- Archaeological methodology used in the operations carried out in Iruña-Veleia and other circumstances (Language: ES) –> 01.1-Eliseo Gil ES

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Author: Eliseo Gil Zubillaga, archaeologist and historian.

Summary: Response to the Commission’s archaeological reports.

Topic: This study shows the serious irregularities present in the negative report produced by members of the EHU/UPV Archaeology Department relating to the archaeological methodology used in the works carried out at Lurmen, Iruña-Veleia. In addition, other reprehensible practices are also highlighted, such as the cunning choice of information to be evaluated, the partial suppression of the information submitted to their external consultants, as well as the distortions and numerous value judgements included in their pronouncement. This study also responds to the alleged problems presented, many of which simply did not exist.

This report has been completed in response to those issued by the EHU/UPV Archaeology Department and presented to the Commission of the Provincial Government of Alava during the process of investigation in 2008.

Pages: 60

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1.2- Archaeological report dated May 2007 (Language: ES) –> 01.2-Idoia Filloy-Eliseo Gil
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Authors: Idoia Filloy Nieva and Eliseo Gil Zubillaga, both archaeologists and historians.

Date:

Summary: Report on the findings, produced by the specific request of the then Minister of Culture, Miren Azkarate. This is a general report, targeting the non-specialist reader.

Note: this report was presented to the Commission during the process of investigation in 2008.

Pages: 184.

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1.3- Archaeological report on Iruña-Veleia , area 5, enclosure 59   (Language: ES)-> 01.3. Idoia Filloy ES

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Authors: Idoia Filloy Nieva and Eliseo Gil Zubillaga, both archaeologists and historians.

Summary: Archaeological documentation for enclosure 59, sector 5.

Note: this report was presented to the Commission during the process of investigation in 2008.

Pages: 209.

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2.-  Scientific pronouncement on the archaeological method (Iruña-Veleia) )(Language ES) –> 02-Carmen Fernandez_Irizpena ES

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Author: Dr Carmen Fernandez Ochoa, professor of archaeology and Dr Angel Morillo Cerdan, lecturer in archaeology.

Summary: Assessment of the archaeological method used in Iruña-Veleia.

Topic: Fernandez Ochoa and Morillo Cerdan certify that the excavation of enclosure 59 in area 5 of the Iruña-Veleia site has been carried out with strict scientific rigour, both in its methodological approach and in the comprehensive gathering of chrono-stratigraphic data, consistent with the systems currently applied in Archaeology. The register has been compiled with the necessary rigour as required by the use of the Harris Matrix, which allows the “archaeological fact” to be observed from the most objective and aseptic perspective possible.

Pages: 2.

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3.-  Scientific pronouncement on the archaeological method used in the excavations of Iruña-Veleia. (Language: ES)  –> 03-Emilio Illarregi Irizpena ES

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Author: Emilio Illarregi, archaeologist and professor of archaeology.

Summary: Assessment of the archaeological method used in Iruña-Veleia.

Topic: Although the author reserves his opinion on the veracity or otherwise of the sherds, in his pronouncement he makes it clear that the archaeological interventions in Iruña-Veleia have been conducted with the strictest scientific rigour.

Pages: 2.

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4.- To whom it may concern Iruña-Veleia Archaeological Assessment  –> 04-Cecil Harris (Language EN) 04-Celil Harris  (Language ES)

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Author: Dr Edward Cecil Harris, Director of the Bermuda Maritime Museum.

Summary: Assessment of the archaeological method used in Iruña-Veleia.

Topic: In the opinion of Dr Edward C. Harris, the excavation method used was clearly to the highest standards.

Dr Edward C. Harris is the Managing Director of the Bermuda Maritime Museum. He is also the creator of the excavation method and the recording system currently used in modern archaeology (the Harris Matrix), which are described in his book “Principles of Archaeological Stratigraphy”

The fact that Dr Harris validates the work carried out in Lurmen confirms without doubt the significance of the efforts of Eliseo Gil’s team.garaikideak darabilen metodoaren sortzailea da (Harris Matrix), bere “Principios de estratigrafía arqueológica” liburuan jasota daudenak.

Pages: 2.

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5.-Iruña-Veleia. On some unusual graffiti found during the excavations of the Roman city. A point of view. (Language: ES)   –> 05-Antonio Rodriguez ES

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Author: Dr Antonio Rodriguez Colmenero, archaeologist and epigraphist. Lecturer at the University of Santiago de Compostela.

Summary: Report on the epigraphy and iconography of the graffiti.

Topic: Professor emeritus of the University of Santiago de Compostela, expert in epigraphy and archaeology, who has developed a considered and cautious opinion on the Veleia inscriptions, without excluding any possible hypothesis.   Putting into perspective the decisiveness of some members of the Commission, together with Perring and Iglesias he considers it essential to carry out physical-chemical tests on the materials and to do contrasting archaeological excavations.

Pages: 130.

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6.-Report on sherds displaying Egyptian style hieroglyphics and Egyptian names, written in Latin on Iruña-Veleia bone and ostraca.  (Language: EN) –> . 06_Ulrike Fritz EN

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Author: Dr Ulrike Fritz; linguist and Egyptologist from the University of Tubingen (Germany).

Summary: Report on the analysis the Egyptian style hieroglyphics and the historical and religious Egyptian names, written in Latin.

Topic: Dr  Fritz identifies the signs appearing in some of the graffiti as being Egyptian, written by a person who did not have any real knowledge of the ancient Egyptian language, but only remembered the signs from seeing them on official buildings in Egypt. Therefore they do not form phrases or names that can be read. She also indicates that names, such as Nefertiti, were known and used as personal names during the New Kingdom.

Pages: 30.

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7.-Report on the iconographical motifs present in the exceptional graffiti of the archaeological site of Iruña-Veleia. (Language: ES). 07_Idoia Filloy ES

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Author: Idoia Filloy Nieva, archaeologist and historian.

Summary: Iconography report in response to the report by Giuliano Volpe and Julio Nuñez.

Topic: Taking into consideration that the assessed material comes from different archaeological contexts, each of which are located in a well established stratigraphic sequence,  that the stratigraphic register guarantees the chronological attribution of the findings to Roman times and that there is no iconographic element that proves indisputably that the graffiti could not have been made in the Roman period, the author concludes that, given the information available, the iconography of the exceptional Iruña-Veleia graffiti could be attributed to the Roman period.

Pages: 195.

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8.- Report on the Latin texts of the unusual graffiti of Iruña-Veleia. (Language: ES) -> 08 Idoia Filloy ES

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Author: Idoia Filloy Nieva, archaeologist and historian.

Summary: Report on some aspects of the signs, onomastics, palaeography and language, written mainly in response to the reports by Pilar Cipres, Juan Santos, Isabel Velazquez and Joaquin Gorrochategui.

Topic: In this extensive work, Idoia responds to some of the reports by the Commission on the basis of a large number of sherds found belonging to the Roman period, which exhibit similar motifs to those considered forged. To this aim, she gathers evidence from onomastics, palaeography, classical, Semitic or Egyptian names, declinations etc.

Pages: 415.

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9.- problem of forgery/authenticity of the Iruña-Veleia sherds: physical evidence. (Language: ES)-> 09_Kooenraad Van den Driessche ES

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Author: Dr Koenraad Van den Driessche, geologist.

Summary: Report on the analysis of the physical evidence present on the pieces with graffiti

Topic: This study examines in detail the visible physical evidence (from photographs) present on the surface of the pieces from Iruña-Veleia showing graffiti, offering in many instances a clear indication of age. Thus, the presence of different types of attached materials, which in many cases can be carbonated crusts, remnants of soot, imprints of roots, etc. Pieces that have possibly been etched prior to being fired are also included. On the other hand, a specific analytical proposal is made, which intends to validate all the preliminary conclusions reached as a result of analysing the available photographic material.

Pages: 77.

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10.- .- Visual study of 15 archaeological pieces using photographic images from the Iruña-Veleia site.  (Language: ES) -> 10_Mikel Albizu ES

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Author: Mikel Albisu Lasa, geologist.

Summary: Report on the study of 15 ceramic sherds.

Topic: This study concludes that the pieces analysed, all showing graffiti on fired clay surfaces, were imprinted prior to the formation of the observed crust, and that the said crust needed a minimum to 10 years to form.

Pages: 21.

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11.- Preliminary report on bone remains showing anthropic inscriptions found during the Iruña-Veleia excavations.  (Language: ES) -> 11-Joaquin Baxarias ES

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Author: Dr Joaquin Baxarias Tibau, paleo-pathologist, member of the Associació Catalano-balear de Paleopatología and the Fundación académica de ciences médiques i de la salut de Catalunya y Balears.

Summary: Report on the analysis of 40 bone fragments showing graffiti.

Topic: This study concludes that in more than 54% of the fragments analysed show signs of age, not compatible with modern markings. Little can be said about the rest, due to the poor quality of the photographic material. The markings showing characteristics of ancient damage do not present the morphology of those found on dry bone, or of those in damp bone that has been treated at a later date to create a patina coating and soil crusts. In other words, they do not show signs of recent manipulation.

Pages: 31.

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12.- The Iruña-Veleia inscriptions. (Language: FR) –> 12_Hector_Iglesias_FR

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Author: Dr Hector Iglesias, philologist, researcher at IKER (Baiona).

Summary: Report on the texts written in Basque, in Latin and on the iconography of the graffiti.

Topic: The broad and well documented study by Hector Iglesias, doctor in Basque Studies, clearly shows the inconsistencies and inaccuracies in the arguments of the Commission´s philologists, whose reports were used by the Provincial Government of Alava as “irrefutable proof” of the alleged forgery of the Veleia graffiti.

The great significance of this document is the large number of opinions gathered by Iglesias from experts in Vulgar Latin, Celt language, linguists etc., particularly from France, to be able to elucidate virtually all the “impossibilities” stated by the three philologists of the Commission.

Pages: 230.

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13.- Comments on and objections to the reports by professors Gorrochategui and Lakarra on the graffiti written in Basque found in Iruña-Veleia. (Languages: EU, ES) ->   13_Martin Elexpuru_EU 13_Martin Elexpuru_ES

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Author: Dr Juan Martin Elexpuru, philologist and writer.

Summary: Report on the texts of the graffiti written in Basque.

Topic: The author has carried out a detailed analysis of the arguments presented by these professors and contrasts them with his own, supported by the relevant documentation and logical reasoning. He concludes that there is no evidence relating to the Basque language that may lead to the conclusion that the material is fake.

Pages: 45.

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14.1- Observations on the recent paleo-Basque epigraphic findings of Iruña-Veleia. (Language: ES) -> 14.1_Luis_Silgo ES

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Author:  Dr Luis Silgo, doctor in archaeology and epigraphist, specialising in the Ibero-Basque language.

Summary: Report on the paleo-Basque found in the graffiti.

Topic: This author, who has become indispensable for the understanding of the Iberian language because of his extensive work and research in this field, has concluded that the in-situ finding of the inscriptions, using a fully documented method of excavation, conclusively and definitively rules out, in all cases, that they are fake and that the Iruña-Veleia inscriptions are a very rich source of research material for philologists, historians and Christian archaeology experts.

Pages: 45.

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14.2- AA propos of “Observations on the recent paleo-Basque epigraphic findings of Iruña-Veleia (Terspuentes-Villodas, Alava)” by L. Silgo Gauche  (Language: FR)-> 14.2_Jean_Baptiste_Orpustan_FR

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Author: Dr Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, honorary professor of Basque Language and Literature, specialising in lexicography, historic linguistics, literature and onomastics. Honorary member of Euskaltzaindia and the IKER Research Institute.

Summary: This report complements the one prepared by Luis Silgo.

Topic: Dr Jean-Baptiste Orpustan considers the graffiti found in Iruña-Veleia as genuine and suggests several interpretations of the doubts presented by Dr Silgo.

Pages: 9.

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15.- Report on the graphological expert appraisals of Iruña-Veleia. (Language: ES) -> 15_RM_Frank ES

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Author: Dr Roslyn M. Frank, professor emeritus at the Department of Spanish and Portuguese of Iowa University.

Summary: Report on the expert appraisals conducted by DFA.

Topic: In her report, Dr Frank focuses exclusively on the graphological reports commissioned by the Provincial Government of Alava, which aim to demonstrate the responsibility of Mr Eliseo Gil for the falsification of the sherds. It is the opinion of Dr Roslyn Frank that those studies lack sufficient scientific basis for them to be considered appropriate to make such an accusation.

Pages: 118.

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16.-Observations on the “Assessment” of the Department of Archaeology of the University of the Basque Country (UPV) on the exceptional findings of the Iruña-Veleia site. (Language: ES) -> 16_Luis_Silgo_ES

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Author: Dr Luis Silgo Gauche, doctor in archaeology and epigraphist, a specialist  in the Ibero Basque language.

Summary: Report on the assessment of the findings made by the Department of Archaeology of the UPV/EHU

Topic: This work shows that the “assessment” made by the UPV disregarded key aspects to confirm the archaeological activity and the findings made by Lurmen. In addition, the “assessment” contains very significant deficiencies and errors due to the lack of complementary information.

Pages: 24.

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17.- Comments on some of the Iruña-Veleia graffiti. (Language: ES) ->
17_Miguel_Thomson_EN_Comments_on_some_Graffiti_of_Iruña-Veleia
17_Miguel_Thomson_ES_Comentarios_grafitos_Iruña-Veleia

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Author: Miguel Thomson

Summary: Comments on the most controversial Iruña-Veleia graffiti.

Topic: In his report, Miguel Thomson, who is not a linguistics or epigraphy specialist, conducted a study of the most controversial sherds considered by the Commission to be “absolutely false”: “Descartes”, Nefertiti”, “Dreide”. He offers a very comprehensive view based on a database comprising over 400,000 terms from the Greco-Roman period, and concludes that they could all be genuine.

Pages: 49.

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18.- Iberian scripts/graffiti in Iruña-Veleia (Language EN) -> 18_Antonio_Arnaiz_EN

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Author: Antonio Arnaiz Villena, professor at the Universidad Complutense of Madrid

Summary: Iruña-Veleia graffiti written in Iberian

Topic: In this report, Antonio Arnaiz gathers the Iberian signs appearing in the Iruña-Veleia sherds. In his opinion, these signs coincide with Iberian signs found in other locations across mainland Spain or even in the Canary Islands.

Pages: 14.

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19.- 3 letters sent by Txillardegi to Martin Elexpuru about the Basque verb-> Gutunak EU Gutunak ES

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Author: Jose Luis Alvarez Enparantza, Txillardegi, philologist and one of the founders of the unified Basque.

Summary: The Basque verb

Topic: According to Txillardegi, some verbs appeared in the graphites may be archaic, and therefore, “the graphites are real”.

Pages: 3.

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20.- Idoia Filloy: -> 20_Idoia_Filloy_Altar

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Author: Idoia Filloy Nieva, archaeologist and historian.

Pages: 26

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21.- Antonio Rodriguez Colmenero: 21_Antonio_Rguez_Colmenero_Altar

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Author: Dr Antonio Rodriguez Colmenero, archaeologist and epigraphist. Lecturer at the University of Santiago de Compostela..

Pages: 7

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22.- Alicia Satué: El latín de Iruña Veleia

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Author: Alicia Satué a degree in Classics and Indo-European Linguistics.

Summary: The latin of de Iruña-Veleia

Pages: 217

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23.- Mapi Alonso Fourcade: 23 Análisis de un texto escrito en euskera a finales II-comienzos III

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Author: Mapi Alonso Fourcade, Bachelor of Science in Education from the University of Geneva

Pages: 40

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24- Henrike Knörr: Grafitoak noizkoak izan daitezkeen

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Author: Henrike Knörr, Doctor in Basque Philology

Pages: 1

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25.- Mapi Alonso: 25-Mapi_Alonso_ES_El_sistema_verbal_vasco

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Author: Mapi Alonso Fourcade, Bachelor of Science in Education from the University of Geneva

Pages: 83

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26.- Alicia Satue Lantaron: La declinación latina en el siglo III a la  luz de los grafitos excepcionales de Iruña-Veleia

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Author: Alicia Satué a degree in Classics and Indo-European Linguistics.

Pages: 146

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27.- First International Conference on Iruña-Veleia

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Authors: Antonio Rodríguez Colmenero, Idoia Filloy, Edward Harris, Eliseo Gil, Joaquin Baxarias, Luis Silgo, Antonio Arnaiz, Alicia Satue

Pages: 192

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28.- Iruña-Veleia: Second International Congress

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Authors: Eliseo Gil Zubilaga, Idoia Filloy Nieva, Edward C.  Harris, Juan Martin Elexpuru Agirre, Alicia Satue Lantaron, Mapi Alonso Fourcade, Luis Silgo Gauche, Mikel Urkola Elizegi, Koenradd Van den Driessche, Miguel Thomsom Okatsu, Antonio Rodríguez Colmenero, Mikel Larrañaga, Ulrike Fritz, Jon Nikolas Lopez de Ituiño, Antonio Arnaiz Villena, Antton Erkizia

Pages: 168

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29.- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan: 29-Basque médiéval: Iruña-Veleia

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Author: Dr Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, honorary professor of Basque Language and Literature, specialising in lexicography, historic linguistics, literature and onomastics. Honorary member of Euskaltzaindia and the IKER Research Institute.

Pages: 19

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• Saturday, April 14th, 2012

Other reports:

- Report on the damage caused by Julio Nuñez in the site (prepared by Lurmen).

Estimacion_del_nivel_de_afeccion_Luis_Nuñez (Language ES)

- Reports carried out by the Commission for the clarification of  Iruña Veleia

Destruction of the Iruña-Veleia archaeology site (This report has been sent to 86 faculties of Archaeology worldwide. 9 pags)

Por el esclarecimiento de Iruña Veleia (Language ES)

Resumen_nefasta_actuación_Diputación_Alava_en_Iruña (Language ES)

- Methods for dating archaeological remains

Metodos_de_datacion_arqueologica (Language ES)

-  Report on the graffiti written in Basque (Idoia Filloy and Eliseo Gil)

Euskarazko_grafitoak_Filloy_Gil (Language EU) Grafitos euskera_Filloy_Gil (Language ES)

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• Saturday, January 17th, 2009
1.-Archaeological assessment of the “Report on the Iruña-Veleia archaeological site. Report on the findings of exceptional graffiti” and on the documentation relating to enclosure 59, section 5. (Language: ES) –>01-Nuñez eta beste batzuk ES

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Authors: Dr. Agustin Azkarate, Belen Bengoetxea, Dr. Julio Nuñez, Dr. Jose Antonio Quiros, professors at the EHU/UPV, in collaboration with professors Dr Dominic Perring, of University College, London and Dr Marco Milanese of the University of Sassari, Sardinia.

Summary: Assessment of the archaeological work carried out by Lurmen.

Topic: In this report, professors at the UPV judged that the archaeological work carried out by Lurmen has been inadequate. On the other hand, Mr Perring considers that the work does appear to be correct and proposes to conduct controlled sampling, a request that has been disallowed by the Commission.

This assessment was done with none of the authors of the report having attended  the excavation, without personally interviewing the group of archaeologists and without requesting any clarification or information complementary to the original report presented by Eliseo Gil’s team.

Pages: 62.

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2.- Report on the iconographic motifs present in the “exceptional graffiti” of the Iruña-Veleia archaeological site. (Language: ES) –> 02-Nuñez_Volpe ES

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Authors: Dr Giuliano Volpe of the University of Foggia and Julio Nuñez, professor at the EHU/UPV.

Summary: Iconography

Topic: Professor G. Volpe determines in his pronouncement that the Christian motifs found cannot be dated to the 5th and 6th centuries. Professor Julio Nuñez dismisses the possibility that they may be authentic graffiti, because of the appearance of words such as “cuore”, “familiae” instead of “familias” etc.

Pages: 28.

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3.-Historical-epigraphic report on the graffiti found in Iruña-Veleia in 2005 and 2006. (Language: ES) –> 03-Cipres-Santos ES

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Author: Dr Pilar Cipres and Dr Juan Santos Yanguas, professors at the EHU/UPV.

Summary: Epigraphy and History

Topic: Both professors, who a year and a half earlier had supported the veracity of the same material, now suggest in their current report that the material is fake, based on various arguments: the many grammatical errors appearing (fortunate instead of fortunatae…), the grammatical inconsistencies, the confusion between the nominative, dative and ablative modes…

Pages: 57.

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4. Pronouncement of Dr Joaquin Gorrochategui to the Advisory Commission of the Provincial Government of Alava regarding the epigraphic findings of Iruña-Veleia. 2005 and 2006 campaigns. (Language: ES) –>04-Gorrochategui ES

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Author: Dr Joaquin Gorrochategui, professor at the EHU/UPV.

Summary: Basque and Latin.

Topic: This academic, who together with Yanguas and Santos Cipres, also supported a year and a half ago the veracity of the same material, in his current report now claims it is fake, based on a large number of reasons: the presence of inverted commas, the absence of ergative, the presence of certain verb forms, the words “polita” or “zutan”, the presence of the initial “R”…

It must be pointed out that this is the only report officially produced before the pronouncement was issued on 19 November. The remaining reports were delivered after the expulsion of Lurmen.

Pages: 72.

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5.-VReport on the alleged Veleia ancient inscriptions written in Basque. (Language: ES)–> 05-Lakarra ES

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Author: Dr Joseba Lakarra, professor at the EHU/UPV

Summary: Basque.

Topic: In Lakarra’s view, the graffiti are fake for various phonetic (aspired, “nere”…), morphological (articles, possessives…), syntactic (ergative, concordance marks…) and lexical (Descartes…) reasons.

Pages: 57.

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6.- Report of the Iruña-Veleia graffiti written in Latin –> 06-Velazquez ES

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Author: Dr Isabel Velazquez, professor at the University Complutense of Madrid. (Language: ES)

Summary: Latin.

Topic: Dr Velazquez believes that the graffiti do not belong to the Roman period, as stated by the Lurmen archaeologists, based, among others, on the following reasons: there are fragments of sherds where there is incomplete writing on one side but not on the other where the expected text should appear, the greater use of capital letters than would be expected at that time, the presence of the letter “J” instead of “I”, the use of modern punctuation signs, “Descartes”, etc.

Pages: 50.

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7.- Study and research of the Iruña-Veleia site. Chemical analyses. (Language: ES) –> 07-Madariaga ES

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Author: Dr Juan Manuel Madariaga, professor at the EHU/UPV

Summary: Chemical analyses, study of the report by Dr Ruben Cerdan.

Topic: Madariaga considers that the fact that the graffiti were produced in Roman times cannot be scientifically proven, although he also states that they cannot be proven to be fakes either by using physical tests. For this purpose he has analysed the cation rate, the continuity of the patina coating and the soil piece-stratum correlation.

This report contradicts his earlier statement dated 18 November 2008, when he declared that the sherds were false due to the presence of remnants of a modern element. Later, Eliseo Gil explained that those remnants were from the glue used to join the ceramic fragments.

Pages: 64.

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07_Juan_Manuel_Madariaga_2_Informe

Summary: Informe de los análisis espectroscópitos realizado a aglunas piezas del yacimiento de Iruña-Veleia con posterioridad a noviembre de 2008

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8.- List and analysis of the graffiti containing alleged hieroglyphic signs and Egyptian names found in Iruña-Veleia (Vitoria). (Language: ES).–> 08-Jose_Manuel_Galan ES

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Author: Dr Jose Manuel Galan, Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales of the Consejo Superior of Investigaciones Cientificas.

Summary: Hieroglyphics and Egyptian names.

Topic: Although some of the graffiti have the appearance of Egyptian writing, it cannot be confirmed that they are Egyptian hieroglyphics or texts written in either ancient or proto-Sinaic Egyptian.

Pages: 3.

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9.- Report by Julio Trebolle –> 09_Julio_Trebolle ES

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Author: Dr Julio Trebolle, professor at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid. (Language: ES)

Summary: Hebrew words.

Topic: Some of the words are not what would be expected. The transcription “Y” in words such as Yavhe has not been demonstrated in antiquity; also the variances “Yahv”,” Yavhe” are also strange. The use of Miriam to refer to Mary is also anachronic since she tends to appear as Mary or Mariam.

Pages: 4.

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10.- Summary of the actions taken by Fernando Legarda regarding the work assigned to the Iruña-Veleia Advisory Scientific Commission. (Language: ES) -> 10_Fernando_Legarda ES

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Author: Dr Fernando Legarda, professor at the EHU/UPV.Summary: View on the Carbon 14 analyses.

Topic: Legarda confirms that the Carbon 14 analyses have been correctly carried out and, therefore, the ceramic supports do belong to the Roman period.

Pages: 2 orrialde

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11.- Conclusions –> 10-Conclusiones ES

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Author: Felix Lopez de Ullibarri, Head of the Service for Historical-Artistic and Archaeological Heritage of the DFA.

Summary: Conclusions in view of the reports and proposal to close the site.

Topic: This official, responsible for the Heritage Service, has made a summary of the reports, including only those that support the forgery, and proposes the closure of the site.

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