Selected category ◊ Other sciences ◊

• Monday, February 27th, 2012

For what they were… we are

Prehistory, Anthropology and Genetics

Basque mtDNA

Thanks for considering my elaborations on the matter. I believe that I
have debated longer in my blogs on Basque genetics and you may want to
know. In reverse chronological order:

Another matrilineage spawning from the Franco-Cantabrian Region:
HV4a1a: http://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com.es/2012/03/another-matrilineage-spawning-from.html

Basque and Gascon Y-DNA survey [the patrilineage "twin" paper of the
one mentioned]:
http://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com.es/2012/03/basque-and-gascon-y-dna-survey.html

Caught in the act: lactose intolerant and lactose tolerant populations
together but mostly unmixed in Chalcolithic Upper Ebro:
http://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com.es/2012/01/caught-in-act-lactose-intolerant-and.html

Neolithic Basque (and Catalan, and Aragonese) mtDNA [the Paternabidea
site is most important because it actually demonstrates Basque
continuity since at least Early Neolithic]:
http://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com.es/2011/11/neolithic-basque-mtdna.html

Basque autosomal genetics:
http://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com.es/2011/08/basque-autosomal-genetics.html

Basque-specific mtDNA lineages [U5b, J1c]:
http://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com.es/2011/06/basque-specific-mtdna-lineages.html

Mitochondrial DNA of West Europe (with importance of Basque and other
Franco-Cantabrian region populations):
http://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com.es/2011/01/mitochondrial-dna-of-west-europe.html

Older stuff (at my old blog ‘Leherensuge’):

Iberian Y-DNA [incl. Basques and Gascons]:
http://leherensuge.blogspot.com.es/2008/12/found-reference-to-this-interesting-y.html

Pyrenean Y-DNA: http://leherensuge.blogspot.com.es/2008/09/pyrenean-y-dna.html

Genetic comparisons of Basques and Jews [separately: two papers
discussed in the same entry]:
http://leherensuge.blogspot.com.es/2010/06/genetic-comparisons-of-basques-and-jews.html

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Section: Genetics  |  5 comments
• Monday, June 03rd, 2013

We currently live in an absolute separation between mythology and language, but ancient cultures bornt in the times of symbiosis “mythology + language.” Therefore, it could be invaluable to research the origin of the Basque and Basque from the point of view of these two aspects in common. And the key to this is the concept of “world view” or Weltanschauung. For example, Basque mythology is traditionally understood from the figure of Amalur or Mari as the personification of nature. But from a scheme of “worldview” first numen or deity indicates the image of the world, the essence of reality. And if we go into Basque, we see that the essence of things is defined by its emptiness (“kafe hutsa nahi dut”, “lelo hutsa zara”), and the related mythological and semantic fields are consistent with this idea.

It seems contradictory and illogical to apply as first ontological principle that “Reality = Emptiness = Mother Earth”, but it’s actually something typical of large non-Western cultural traditions of the planet. Our philosophy, language and origin are not a product of the stupidity of some cro-magnon eating acorns! This result is reinforced if we continue restructuring the Basque worldview form an according conceptual escheme. Where will go our traditionals historical victimism and cultural inferiority complex? To investigate our society and language from these keys will bring out new surprises, no doubt.

Formally: we propose that it is conceptually possible to reconstruct ancient worldview of the Basques, and we advance the first axis to show it (“What is reality and how we know?”). To begin this reconstruction we will propose that in the Basque worldview an “attention-focuser prototype in the Emptiness ” connects us and it puts us at the level of philosophical traditions which are not currently Western. This means that before the arrival of the Indo-European the Basques had a certain way of feeling, conceptualizing and reflecting on words the existence, so that certain traces in mythology, in the language and other cultural as art or popular collective structures have survived to this day.

In the arguments we will show: the importance of the “world view” or “Weltanschauung”; “attention- focusers” of certain “cognitive-linguistic prototypes” held the worldvies; Basque worldview stands on a ” attention-focuser prototype in the Emptiness”; Basque epistemic protoypes are genuinely pre-Indo-European, and their overall system does not make sense in the current western culture but it is well understood as” perennial philosophy “.

Communication: Euskal mundu ikuskera: mitologia eta euskera aurreindoeuroparrak

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• Friday, August 23rd, 2013

Irish Cepaea nemoralis Land Snails Have a Cryptic Franco-Iberian Origin That Is Most Easily Explained by the Movements of Mesolithic Humans

The origins of flora and fauna that are only found in Ireland and Iberia, but which are absent from intervening countries, is one of the enduring questions of biogeography. By far the majority of Irish individuals of Cepaea have a lineage, C, that in mainland Europe was only found in a restricted region of the Eastern Pyrenees.

A past extinction of lineage C in the rest of Europe cannot be ruled out, but as there is a more than 8000 year continuous record of Cepaea fossils in Ireland, the species has long been a food source in the Pyrenees, and the Garonne river that flanks the Pyrenees is an ancient human route to the Atlantic, then they suggest movements of Mesolithic humans.

More information

Image: Nazioarteko euskaldunak

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Section: Other sciences  |  6 comments
• Sunday, April 22nd, 2018
This is the first genetic anthropology study on Arabs in MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region. The present meta-analysis included 100 populations from 36 Arab and non-Arab communities, comprising 16,006 individuals, and evaluates the genetic profile of Arabs using HLA class I (A, B) and class II (DRB1, DQB1) genes. A total of 56 Arab populations comprising 10,283 individuals were selected from several databases, and were compared with 44 Mediterranean, Asian, and sub-Saharan populations.
The most frequent alleles in Arabs are A*01, A*02, B*35, B*51, DRB1*03:01, DRB1*07:01, DQB1*02:01, and DQB1*03:01, while DRB1*03:01-DQB1*02:01 and DRB1*07:01-DQB1*02:02 are the most frequent class II haplotypes. Dendrograms, correspondence analyses, genetic distances, and haplotype analysis indicate that Arabs could be stratified into four groups. The first consists of North Africans (Algerians, Tunisians, Moroccans, and Libyans), and the first Arabian Peninsula cluster (Saudis, Kuwaitis, and Yemenis), who appear to be related to Western Mediterraneans, including Iberians; this might be explained for a massive migration into these areas when Sahara underwent a relatively rapid desiccation, starting about 10,000 years BC. The second includes Levantine Arabs (Palestinians, Jordanians, Lebanese, and Syrians), along with Iraqi and Egyptians, who are related to Eastern Mediterraneans. The third comprises Sudanese and Comorians, who tend to cluster with Sub-Saharans. The fourth comprises the second Arabian Peninsula cluster, made up of Omanis, Emiratis, and Bahrainis.
It is noteworthy that the two large minorities (Berbers and Kurds) are indigenous (autochthonous), and are not genetically different from “host” and neighboring populations. In conclusion, this study confirmed high genetic heterogeneity among present-day Arabs, and especially those of the Arabian Peninsula.

https://madridpress.com/not/237255/ibericos-y-norteafricanos-tienen-genes-comunes-desde-la-prehistoria/Ibéricos y norteafricanos tienen genes comunes desde la prehistoria

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Section: Genetics  |  Add coments
• Sunday, July 02nd, 2017

AJOL

Antonio Arnaiz-Villena, Ana Carballo, Ignacio Juarez, Ester Muñiz, Cristina Campos, Beatriz Tejedor, Manuel Martín-Villa, Jose Palacio-Gruber

Abstract

Atlantic Europe populations were analyzed with HLA genes in order to establish their relationship among themselves and with other populations. Standard genetic and statistical software analyses were used. Celtic populations (British Isles and French Bretons) have genetically been found close together: Irish, Welsh, Orkney Islanders (Scottish), French Bretons, Galicians, Spanish Basques, Portuguese, cluster together in DA genetic distances, correspondence analysis and Neighbour Joining dendrograms. Genetics have been shown by itself not suffice to determine populations migration/relatedness. Aristotle and Herodotus placed Celts in Iberia and R1b chromosome Y marker is high in Iberia and all Celtic European populations above mentioned (probably stemming from Iberian Ice refugee after Last Glaciation) and Ancient Celt language (Gaelic) is being translated from Iberian-Tartesian language: these suggest that Celts and Iberians, so named by Classic authors, constitute the same population. On the other hand, a) R1b gene analysis of Canary Islands ancient inhabitants (Guanches), b) abundant Iberian scripts are also found in Canary Islands, c) a established North Africa/Iberia ancient gene flow, and d) no evidence of demic diffusion from eastern to western Mediterranean according to human ancient skeleton studies is noticed in Mesolithic/Neolithic transition: these facts suggest that ancient Canary Islanders may be included within the Iberian/Celtic population. Our conclusions are that: 1) Celts are concentrated in Atlantic Europe, 2) Iberians and Celts mentioned by classic authors most probably refer to the same population living in Iberian Peninsula (Spain/Portugal); in addition, North African Berbers and ancient Canary Islanders also belong to this group 3) Postulated farmers demic diffusion in a East to West Mediterranean direction never existed.

Keywords: Celts, Iberians, Picts, Scottish, Orkney Islands, Irish, British (English), French Bretons, Welsh, Basques, Galicians, Canary Islands, Mediterranean demic diffusion, Gaelic language

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• Sunday, February 21st, 2016
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNTXCMYjwEk

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• Sunday, March 15th, 2015
Bruce Bradley. University of Exeter
Margaret Jodry. Smithsonian Institution Washington
Dennis Stanford. Smithsonian Institution Washington
Stephen Oppenheimer. University of Oxford / Bradshaw Foundation
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Section: Genetics  | Labels: , ,  |  Add coments
• Monday, February 27th, 2012

Prehistory, Anthropology and Genetics

Basque mtDNA

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