• Wednesday, October 28th, 2015

Workshop: Latin Influence on the syntax of the languages of Europe

Mikel Mtez Areta: Leiden.2015 (ingelesez)

Conclusions:
 Pre-OCB had, along with a closed class which allowed onepiece verbs, an open periphrastic type of the structure ‘vbal. stem + din-gin-zan auxiliary’.

In around the 5th-6th centuries, OCB borrowed, from Late Latin / Common Romance, the periphrastic perfect construction of the structure ‘pfv. participle + izan/edun aux.’, which was the only verbal sector which allowed accomodation into Basque.

At a post-common period, Basque extended the periphrastic model of the perfect periphrasis, with intr./tr. opposition, to create an imperfective periphrasis and a prospective periphrasis which allowed massive borrowing.

To make up for the absence of a subjunctive, the old constructions of the type ‘vbal. stem + din-gin-zan auxiliary’ were relegated, by the more recent ‘pf./ipfv./prosp. participle + izan/edun aux.’ constructions, to subjunctive functions.

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